how do hospitals treat covid pneumonia?

The National Institutes of Health (NIH) issued guidelines on the use of prophylaxis, testing and management of patients with COVID-19.A 70-year-old man with hypertension and diabetes is admitted to the hospital with cough, shortness of breath and fever. There is currently no FDA-approved medical treatment or vaccine for COVID-19, so various drugs and medicinal therapies have been repurposed for use in hospital settings and clinical trials while the medical community waits for a drug to be approved and standardised. In fact, early data show that up to one-third of patients with COVID pneumonia have evidence of scarring on X-ray or lung tests one year after infection. Patients with a mild clinical presentation (absence of viral pneumonia and hypoxia) may not initially require hospitalisation, and most patients will be able to manage their disease at home.

Pneumonia may require treatment in a hospital with oxygen, a ventilator to assist breathing and intravenous (IV) fluids to prevent dehydration. Hospital staff monitor patients' vital signs (heart rate, blood pressure, number of breaths per minute) to watch for any problems that may arise. The National Institutes of Health (NIH) has published guidelines for the clinical management of external COVID-19icone prepared by the COVID-19 Treatment Guidelines Panel. In the meantime, there are a number of things that can relieve symptoms, both at home and in hospital.

Finally, many patients with COVID-19 have poorly controlled chronic conditions, such as diabetes, that need to be addressed before discharge, as isolation at home will prevent close follow-up with a community health care provider. Some existing drugs can help hospitalised patients with COVID-19, so doctors are using a variety of treatments. The FDA has approved the antiviral remdesivir (Veklury) for the treatment of hospitalised patients with COVID. A detailed social history should include the living situation and health of family members, functional status in the home environment, and limitations to home isolation that may be present at the time of hospital discharge.

Patients admitted to hospital usually present with moderate to severe respiratory symptoms and hypoxaemia at rest.

Summer Mason
Summer Mason

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