In these hospitals, more attention was paid to the well-being of the patient's soul than to the cure of bodily ailments. The first hospital in North America (Hospital de Jesús Nazareno) was built in Mexico City in 1524 by the Spanish conquistador Hernán Cortés; the structure still stands today. Throughout the century other hospitals sprang up in London and other British cities, many of them paid for by private subscriptions. Because of the requirement that hospitals prioritise their available resources, in countries with such programmes there is a propensity for "waiting lists" for non-essential treatments; those who can afford them may then opt for private medical insurance to receive treatment fairly quickly and efficiently.
A district hospital is often the main health care facility in its region, with many beds for intensive care and others for patients needing long-term care. Acute care hospitals offer inpatient and outpatient services, including emergency services. Both urban and rural hospitals may be designated by CMS as Safety-Net Hospitals based on the proportion of charity care they provide. Clinics usually provide only outpatient services, but some may have a few inpatient beds and a limited range of services that can otherwise be found in typical hospitals.
Hospital, an institution built, staffed and equipped for the diagnosis of disease; for the treatment, both medical and surgical, of the sick and injured; and for their accommodation during this process. Administrative responsibilities include compliance with hospital guidelines and directives regulating the release of support services in the areas of finance, personnel, housekeeping, materials and property, laundry, protection, transport, engineering and catering, as well as various other maintenance. Psychiatric hospitals, also known as mental hospitals, are hospitals specialising in the treatment of severe mental disorders. Outpatient Department (OPD), Surgical Department, Inpatient Department (IP), Nursing Department, Physical Medicine Department, Paramedical Department and Rehabilitation Department, Dietetic Department, Pharmacy Department, Surgical Complex (OT), Radiology Department (X-ray) and Non-Professional Services are some of the departments located in the hospitals.
Hospitals respond to the challenges of health care in their communities by providing prevention and cure to diseases, through physicians, surgeons and nurse practitioners with ample staffing. Independent hospitals that are not part of a system are becoming increasingly rare, as mergers are becoming more frequent. The basic definition, therefore, is a hospital that serves a local community, is run by local leaders and offers financial opportunities for the local economy. However, the modern hospital concept can be said to date back to 331 AD, when the Roman Emperor Constantine I (Constantine the Great), a convert to Christianity, abolished all pagan hospitals and thus created the opportunity for a new beginning.