when was the first general hospital built?

Rooted in this tradition of charity, the public hospital has its origins in the development of cities and the community's efforts to welcome and care for the chronically ill, the needy and the disabled. In the 18th century, under the influence of the Age of Enlightenment, the modern hospital began to appear, serving only medical needs and staffed by trained physicians and surgeons. It was considered one of the most modern hospital buildings in the country, especially at a time when women's medicine was not considered very important and most deliveries were still done at home. All expenses were borne by the hospital, whether the people came from far or near, whether they were residents or foreigners, strong or weak, short or tall, rich or poor, employed or unemployed, blind or signed, physically or mentally ill, educated or illiterate.

During the late Middle Ages (beyond the 10th century) monastic infirmaries continued to expand, but public hospitals were also opened, financed by city authorities, the church and private sources. John of Jerusalem itself, founded in 1099 (The Knights of Malta) had as its raison d'être the foundation of a hospital for pilgrims to the Holy Land. Thomas Stretch was one of Philadelphia's leading citizens and one of the founders of the Pennsylvania Hospital. All expenses are borne by the hospital, whether the persons come from far or near, whether they are residents or strangers, strong or weak, short or tall, rich or poor, employed or unemployed, blind or sighted, physically or mentally ill, educated or illiterate.

Rooted in the tradition of caring for the poor, public hospitals have their origin in the community's efforts to provide shelter and care for the sick, disabled and needy. The Bimaristan Arghun, with its spacious, high-ceilinged rooms, functioned as a hospital until the early 20th century. In the United States, Bellevue, Charity and Pennsylvania hospitals are some of the oldest, dating back to the mid-17th century. Everywhere in this hospital is extremely clean; the beds and pillows are covered with fine white damask linens.

By the late 19th century, the modern hospital was beginning to take shape with the proliferation of various public and private hospital systems. The Pennsylvania Hospital is a private, non-profit, 515-bed teaching hospital in downtown Philadelphia that is part of the University of Pennsylvania Health System. Hospital operations have become more expensive and healthcare managers are increasingly concerned with issues of quality, cost, effectiveness and efficiency.

Summer Mason
Summer Mason

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